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Selected Bibliography on African Philosophy


  1. Apostel, Leo. 1981. African Philosophy: Myth or Reality? Gent, Belgium: Story-Scientia.

  2. Bell, Richard H. 2002. Understanding African Philosophy. A Cross-Cultural Approach to Classical and Contemporary Issues in Africa. New York: Routledge.

  3. Brown, Lee M., ed. 2004. African Philosophy. New and Traditional Perspectives. New York: Oxford University Press.

  4. Coetzee, Pieter Hendrik, and Roux, A.P.J., eds. 1998. The African Philosophy Reader. A Text with Readings. New York: Routledge.

    Second expanded edition 2003.

  5. Eze, Emmanuel Chukwudi, ed. 1998. African Philosophy. An Anthology. Oxford: Blackwell.

  6. Floistad, Guttorm, ed. 1987. African Philosophy. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff.

    Contemporary Philosophy. A New Survey (Vol. V).

  7. Grinker, Roy Richard, and Steiner, Christopher B., eds. 1998. Perspectives on Africa. A Reader in Culture, History, and Representation. Cambridge: Blackwell.

  8. Hallen, Barry. 2002. A Short History of African Philosophy. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

  9. Hountondji, Paulin J. 1983. African Philosophy: Myth and Reality. London: Hutchinson.

    Translation of: Sur la philosophie africaine. Critique de l'ethnophilosophie - Paris, Maspéro, 1976.

    Second edition with a new preface by the author 1997.

  10. Imbo, Samuel Olouch. 1998. An Introduction to African Philosophy. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.

  11. Masolo, Dismas A. 1994. African Philosophy in Search of Identity. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

  12. Wiredu, Kwasi, ed. 2004. A Companion to African Philosophy. Oxford: Blackwell.

  13. Wright, Richard A., ed. 1977. African Philosophy. An Introduction. Washington: University Press of America.

    Second edition 1979; Third expanded edition 1984.

  14. Bedu-Addo, Joseph T. 1985. "Wiredu on Truth as Opinion and the Akan Language." In Philosophy in Africa: Trends and Perspectives, edited by Bodunrin, Peter, 68-90. Ife: University of Ife Press.

  15. Blakeley, Thomas J. 1984. "The Categories of Mtu and the Categories of Aristotle." In African Philosophy. An Introduction, edited by Wright, Richard A., 163-170. Washington: University Press of America.

  16. Bodunrin, Peter. 1981. "The Question of African Philosophy." Philosophy no. 56:161-179.

  17. Dukor, Maduabu. 1989. "African Cosmology and Ontology." Indian Philosophical Quarterly no. 16:367-391.

  18. Gyekye, Kwame. 1987. An Essay on African Philosophical Thought. The Akan Conceptual Scheme. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Second revised edition: Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1995.

  19. Hallen, Barry, and Sodipo, J.Olubi. 1986. Knowledge, Belief and Witchcraft: Analytic Experiments in African Philosophy. London: Ethnographica.

    Foreword by Dorothy Emmett.

    Second edition with a new foreword by Willard Van Orman Quine and a new afterword by Barry Hallen, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1997.

  20. Ikuenobe, Polycarp. 1997. "The Parochial Universalist Conception of 'Philosophy' and 'African Philosophy'." Philosophy East and West no. 47 (2):189-210.

    "The universalists argue that there is currently no African philosophy. Compared to Western philosophy, African philosophy does not have the requisite features of a writing tradition and a rigorous and critical analytical approach to debates over universal conceptual issues, engaged in by individuals. This stance, it is argued here, involves a parochial conception of 'philosophy' that is applied to African philosophy and captures only the contemporary analytic tradition of western philosophy -- while the ancient and medieval periods indicate that other speculative, constructive, and normative approaches to philosophy exist that are not captured by this conception. Moreover, African philosophy that is equivalent to the ancient and medieval periods does exist, and this African equivalent is a precursor to the contemporary analytic philosophy that the universalists are looking for in Africa."

  21. Jahn, Janheinz. 1961. Muntu. An Outline of Neo-African Culture. London: Faber and Faber.

    Translated from the German Muntu. Umrisse der neoafrikanischen Kultur (1958) by Marjorie Grene.

    Reprinted, with a new introduction by Calvin C. Hernton wit the title: Muntu. African culture and the Western world - New York, Grove Press, 1990.

  22. Kagame, Alexis. 1956. La Philosophie Bantu-Rwandaise De L'être. Bruxelles: Editions Duculot, Gembloux.

  23. ———. 1976. La Philosophie Bantu Comparée. Paris: Présence africaine.

  24. Kwame, Safro, ed. 1995. Readings in African Philosophy. An Akan Collection. Lanham: University Press of America.

  25. Obanda, Simon. 2005. Re-Creation De La Philosophie Africaine. Rupture Avec Tempels Et Kagame. Bern: Peter Lang.

  26. Tempels, Placide. 1952. Bantu Philosophy. Paris: Présence africaine.

    Translated into English from La philosophie Bantoue the French version by A. Rubbens of Tempels' original work.

    With a foreword to the English edition by Margaret Read.

    Reprinted 1969.

  27. Wiredu, Kwasi. 1996. Cultural Universals and Particulars: An African Perspective. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.


On the website "Theory and History of Ontology" (

African Philosophy. A Survey of Contemporary Studies

Bibliographical Resources on Comparative Philosophy: Indian, Chinese, Buddhist, Arabic and Persian Logic and Ontology